In 1908, Henry Ford created the Model T, the precursor of the modern automobile. The assembly line made it possible to produce the mass-produced gas-powered vehicle. Henry Ford partnered with Thomas Edison to develop an electric battery. However, the popularity of the Model T halted further progress towards the creation of electric vehicles. In addition to the electric starter, the gas-powered car also gained popularity due to the discovery of oil in Texas.
Throughout the 1800s, France and Germany developed the first cars, but it was the Americans who dominated the automotive industry in the first half of the twentieth century. Henry Ford and Emile Roger revolutionized mass-production techniques. By the 1920s, Ford, General Motors, and Chrysler had emerged as the “Big Three” of the automobile industry. Then, during World War II, manufacturers were tapped into their war effort to build more cars. By the end of the twentieth century, mass-produced automobiles were produced in France, the United States, and other nations.
Autonomy and mechanical progress are closely related. Early automobiles were based on horse-drawn carriages. Some of the first models used the steam engine. The first gasoline-powered vehicles were made in 1769. The invention of electricity, lubrication, and braking systems became common in the nineteenth century. In the twentieth century, the development of the automobile grew rapidly, as well. While some historians attribute Daimler and Benz with the invention of the automobile, there is no consensus as to who invented the first car.